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Portrait of Québec

Unique in North America!

Photo. Québec boasts a multi-faceted geography and diverse landscapes, vegetation and climate. Four very distinct seasons put their stamp on this vast territory—Canada’s largest province. 

After 12,000 years of Native American habitation, Jacques Cartier took possession of this land on behalf of the King of France, beginning an era of colonization that would endure until the advent of the industrial age and the challenges of the modern world. 

Exuding enthusiasm and determination, Québecers today are creatively and passionately preserving the vitality of their culture within North America!

Geography and climateHistory & HeritageQuébec nowGourmet delights

Québec from the ground up

A little geography

Located at the northeastern tip of North America, Québec covers 1,667,926 km2 (643,819 sq. mi.). That’s three times the size of France, 40 times the size of Switzerland and 50 times the size of Belgium. Its territory extends nearly 2,000 km (1,242 mi.) from the U.S. border to the Arctic Ocean, between Ontario to the west and New Brunswick and Newfoundland and Labrador to the east.


Map

A land of contrasts

Rivière Koroc, NunavikWith its entire southern portion dissected by the St. Lawrence, one of the largest rivers in the world, Québec is graced with an incredible variety of landscapes: a fertile fluvial plain between the Canadian Shield to the north and the Appalachian Mountains to the south, wide swaths of forest, taiga and tundra, all of which share over a million lakes and thousands of rivers, or some 180,000 km2 (69,480 sq. mi.) of fresh water. The highest peaks in Québec are Mont D’Iberville (1,622 m / 5,321 ft.), located in Nunavik’s Torngat mountains, and Mont Jacques-Cartier (1,268 m / 4,160 ft.), part of the Chic-Chocs mountain range in the Gaspésie.


Weatherwise

Québec has three types of climate:
  • humid continental south of the 50th parallel
  • subarctic between the 50th and 58th parallels
  • arctic above the 58th parallel
These correspond to the regions covered, respectively, by the forest, the taiga and the tundra. Southern Québec enjoys four very different seasons, characterized by significant temperature variations. In essence, Québecers owe their legendary warmth and vitality to these astonishing climatic variations!

For detailed local forecasts and long-term trends, visit The Weather Network's Web site.


Seasonal temperatures (minimum and maximum, °C)

January
April
July
October
Montréal
-12 / -5
2 / 11
17 / 26
5 / 12
Québec
-17 / -7
-1 / 7
13 / 25
1 / 10
Gaspé
-17 / -6
-3 / 6
10 / 23
0 / 10
Kuujjuaq
-28 / -19
-14 / -4
5 / 17
-3 / 2
DID YOU KNOW?
The farther away you get from the urban centres, the more you can enjoy the spectacular northern lights. They can be seen most frequently in northern regions, including Abitibi-Témiscamingue, Baie-James and Nunavik. The northern lights are most intense from August to March.
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