Coat of arms
The Québec coat of arms features three gold lilies on a blue background, symbolizing the French regime, a gold leopard on a red background,
symbolizing the British regime, and a branch with three maple leaves, symbolizing Canada. Below the shield is a banner with the motto Je me souviens
« Je me souviens
» ("I remember") has been Québec's official motto since 1939
. Its origins date back to 1883,
the year plans were drawn up for Québec's legislative building (today the National Assembly). Eugène-Étienne Taché
architect and Deputy Minister of Crown Lands, had the words Je me souviens
engraved in stone above the main entrance to the parliament building.
He wanted to pay tribute to the province's French, English and Amerindian origins.
became the official flag of Québec on January 21, 1948
Its white lilies set against a background of royal blue recall the French origins of many Quebecers, and its white cross symbolizes the Christian faith.
The blue flag iris
(Iris versicolor Linnaeus
) is Québec's floral emblem
. It grows abundantly in the province's different regions.
Its flowering period coincides nicely with La Saint-Jean-Baptiste
(June 24), Québec's national holiday.
The snowy owl
) has served as the province's avian emblem
This handsome white tundra bird symbolizes the desire to improve the environment and preserve wild species.
Québec's official tree
is the yellow birch
(Betula Alleghianensis Britton
)—a tree that,
due to its hardy nature and associated economic activity, is an appropriate symbol for the province's forests.
Lastly, the white admiral butterfly
(Limenitis arthemis Drury
) has been the province's official insect
It was Québec's first natural symbol to be chosen by popular vote.