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Québec in a nutshell
Le Château Frontenac, Vieux-Québec, Louise Mondoux#013;© Tourisme Québec
Québec is North American by its geographic location, French by its language and civil code and British by its parliamentary system. Initially a French colony that was later ceded to England, Québec is one of Canada's founding provinces.

Since the early 20th century, some 700,000 immigrants from Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia have become part of Québec society. Before that, Québec was composed primarily of settlers of French or British descent, in addition to its 11 First Nations peoples. The cultural diversity of recent years has given Québec a new face, one that is most visible in Montréal, the French-speaking capital of North America.
St. Lawrence River
Rocher Percé / C.Parent, P.Hurteau © Ministère du Tourisme
St.Lawrence River
The St. Lawrence is one of the longest rivers on the planet. It is distinguished not only by its size, but by its rich ecosystems, diverse wildlife and countless unique islands.

Its estuary is one of the richest in the world. Various species of marine mammals, birds and fish live, stop over, nest, reproduce or feed here, particularly during the seasonal migrations.

Port-au-Persil / Marc Renaud © Ministère du Tourisme The St. Lawrence is also one of the world’s longest navigable waterways, giving access to the Great Lakes and, consequently, the interior of the continent. Its history is shadowed by numerous shipwrecks as a result of shoals that make navigating the river treacherous. Even today, the captains of cargo and passenger ships have to be guided by experienced pilots who are well acquainted with the St. Lawrence’s reef and currents.

Length: From its source, in the Great Lakes, to its mouth, at the Cabot Strait, the St. Lawrence stretches over 3,200 km (1,988 mi.).

Width: At its narrowest point, at Québec City, the river is less than a kilometre (0.6 mi.) wide. It broadens from there and, east of Lac Saint-Pierre, its waters become salty. At the estuary, its width ranges from 65 km (40 mi.) to 100 km (62 mi.). The Gulf of St. Lawrence is more than 300 km (186 mi.) wide.

Flow: The mean annual flow, just off Québec City, is 12,600 m3/s (445,000 ft3/s), enough to fill 16,000 wading pools in one minute. The St. Lawrence has over 100 tributaries and 500 islands.

See also:
St. Lawrence River
See also