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Québec in a nutshell
Le Château Frontenac, Vieux-Québec, Louise Mondoux#013;© Tourisme Québec
Québec is North American by its geographic location, French by its language and civil code and British by its parliamentary system. Initially a French colony that was later ceded to England, Québec is one of Canada's founding provinces.

Since the early 20th century, some 700,000 immigrants from Europe, Africa, Latin America and Asia have become part of Québec society. Before that, Québec was composed primarily of settlers of French or British descent, in addition to its 11 First Nations peoples. The cultural diversity of recent years has given Québec a new face, one that is most visible in Montréal, the French-speaking capital of North America.
Comédiens, Place-Royale, Vieux-Québec / Linda Turgeon © Ministère du Tourisme
About 10,000 years ago, the first people arrived on the territory that is now Québec. Later, these Aboriginals welcomed the first French colonists. They traded furs with them and helped them adapt to the tough climate of the New World.

1534 Jacques Cartier lands in Gaspé and finds a territory occupied by Aboriginals.
1608 Samuel de Champlain founds the city of “Kebec,” an Amerindian word that means “where the river narrows.”
1642 Paul de Chomedey de Maisonneuve founds Ville-Marie, a small evangelistic mission that will later become Montréal.
1701 The Great Peace of Montréal is signed with 39 Amerindian nations; this treaty that brings an end to the hostilities between the Aboriginal nations and the French colony.
1759 The battle of the Plains of Abraham ends with the defeat of the French troops under Joseph de Montcalm at the hand of the English army led by General James Wolfe.
1763 Louis XV cedes New France to the British Crown with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
1867 The British North America Act is passed, creating a confederation of four provinces: Québec, Ontario, Nova Scotia and New Brunswick.
1960 The Quiet Revolution marks the beginning of major social changes and the modernization of Québec.
1967 Montréal hosts the World Exposition, Man and His World.
1974 The National Assembly declares that French is the official language of Québec.
1976 The Summer Olympic Games are held in Montréal.
1992 Montréal celebrates its 350th anniversary.
2008 Québec City, the province’s capital, celebrates its 400th anniversary.
See also